Commonly used Medicinal plants in Sri Lanka

Botanical Name

Sinhala Name

English Name

Tamil Name

Sanskirt Name

Abelmoschus angulosus Wall. ex Wight & Arn.

Kapukinissa

 

Katukkasturi

Lata kastuikam / Lata kasturi

Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet ssp guineense (Schum.) Borssum Waalkes

Beheth anoda

Country mallow

Peruntulli / Peruntutti

Atibala

Acacia caesia (L.) Willd.

Hingurupatta vel

Soap bark

 

 

Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd.ex Del ssp. indica (Benth.) Brenan

Awusi wel / Kara vel / Babbula

Babul / White babool

Karuvel

Arimeda / Somaralka

Acalypha indica L.

Kuppameniya

Indian Acalypha

Kuppameni / Punairananki

Rudra / Haritamanjari / Arittamunjariye

Achyranthes aspera L.

Gas karalheba

Prickly chaff-flower

Nayururi

Apamarga / Chamatkara

Acorus calamus L.

Wadakaha/ wada kaha

Sweet flag

Vashambu

Vacha

Acronychia pedunculata (L.) Miq.

Ankenda

 

 

 

Adiantum capillus veneris L.

Walawenna

 

 

 

Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa

Beli

Bael fruit tree / Holy fruit tree / Slime apple

Vilvam

Sriphala / Bilva

Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult.

Polpala / Polkudu pala

 

Cerupulai

Bhadra

Ageratum conyzoides L.

Hulanthala

White weed / Goat weed

Pumpillu

Vishamusti

Aglaia odoratissima Blume.

Puwangu

 

Kannikkombu

Anganapriya

Alangium salviifolium

Rukanguna

Sage leaved alangium

Mul-anninchil

Ankota

Allamanda cathartica L.

Wel ruk aththana

 

 

 

Allium sativum L.

Sudu lunu

Garlic

Vellapundu

Arishtha / Shuklakanda / Lasuna

Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.

Komarika

Indian Aloe

Kattalai

Kumari

Alpinia calcarata Roscoe

Heen araththa / Katu kiriya

 

 

 

Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br.

Gas rukaththana

Devil tree / Dita bark

Elilaipattai

Saptaparna

Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC.

Mukunuwenna

 

Ponan kani

Shalingeha

Alysicarpus vaginalis (L.) DC.

Aswenna / Ratu aswenna

 

Pullardi

Sala-parni

Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson. var. campanulatus (Decne.) Siva

Gam kidaram/Kidaran

Elephant foot yam

Karunai / Karunaikkilanku

Surana

Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall. ex Nees

Heen binkohomba

King of Bitters/ kalmegh / Creat / Green chireta

Nilavempu

Bhunimbab/ kiratatiktah

Annona muricata L.

Katu Anoda

Sour sop

Sitha

 

Aponogeton crispus Thunb.

Kekatiya

 

 

Kasira

Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.

Agil

Aloe wood / Fagle wood

Agar / Krshaguru

Aguru / Krshaguru

Areca catechu L.

Puwak

Areca-nut / Betel nut

Kamuku / Paakku

Puga / Poogiphalam

Argemone mexicana L.

Rankiri gokatu

Prickly poppy / Mexican poppy

 

Swarnakshiri / Srigala-kantaka

Aristolochia indica L.

Sapsanda

Indian birthwort / Serpent root plant

Isuru

Eshwari / Sunanda

Asparagus gonoclados Baker

Hathavariya

 

Kilavari

 

Atalantia rotundifolia (Thw.) Tanaka

Yakinaran

 

 

 

Averrhoa carambola L.

Kamaranga

Carambola apple / Star fruit

 

Karmaranga

Azadirachta indica A. Juss.

Kohomba

Margosa/Neem

Vembu

Nimba

Baliospermum montanum (Willd.) Muell-Arg.

Deththa

Red physic nut / Wild custor

Nakatanti / Niradimuttu

Danti

Barleria prionitis L.

Katu karandu / Katu karanda

Common yellow nail dye

Shemmulli

Bindi / Mridukanta / Vajradanti / Koranta

Bauhinia variegata L

Koboleela

Orchid tree / Mountain ebony / Mountain ebony

Mandari / Segappumandarai

Kavidara / Kanchanala

Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.

Alu puhul

Ash pumpkin / Wax gourd

Puchini

Kushmanda

Berberis ceylanica Schnei.

Daruharidra

Barberry

 

Daruharidra

Boerhavia diffusa L.

Pita sudu sarana

Pig weed / Hog weed

Karichcharanai / Mukkarichchi

Punarnava / Sophaghni

Bombax ceiba. L.

Katu Imbul /ela imbul

Cotton tree / Red silk cotton tree

Kaddu-olaga / Kaddu parutti

Nirgandha pushpi / Panchaparni

Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.

Aba

Black mustard

Kadugu

Madhurika

Bridelia retusa (L.) A. Juss.

Ketakela / Katakala/ Ketakala

 

Mul-venkai

Ekadivi / Mahavira

Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.

Kumburu

Grey nicker

Punai kkalaichchi

Kuberakshi

Calophyllum inophyllum L.

Domba

Alexandrian laurel

Dommakottai / Punnaigum / Punnai

Punnaga / Surangi

Calotropis gigantea (L.) R. Br.

Wara / Ela wara

Gigantic swallow-wort

Errukalai / Erukku

Arka / Alarka

Canna indica L.

Buthsarana

Indian reed / Flowering reed

Poovalai

Devakuli / Kamakshee / Kakamakshee

Capparis moonii Wight

Sudu wellangiriya

 

 

 

Capparis zeylanica L.

Kalu welangiriya

Caper plant

Kattoddi / Vennachchi

Karambha / Granthila / Govindi

Cassia absus L.

Bodi / Buthora

 

Edikkol / Karunganum

Chipita / Kulattha

Cassia alata L.

Eth thora

Candle bush / Ringworm shrub

Anjali

Dvipagasti / Dadrughna

Cassia auriculata L.

Ranawara

Mathara tea / Tanner

Avarai

Charmaranga / Mayahari

Cassia senna L.

Senehekola

True senna / Indian senna

 

Markundi

Celastrus paniculatus Willd.

Duhudu/ Duhundu

Climbing staff plant / Intellect tree / Black oil

Adibaricham

Jyothishmati

Centella asiatica (L.) Urban

Gotukola

Indian penny wort

Vallarai / Babassa

Mandukaparni Brahmi

Centranthera indica (L.) Gamble

Dutusathuta

 

 

 

Cissampelos pareira L. var. hirsuta (Buch. ex DC.) Forman

Diyamiththa

Velvet leaf plant

Appatta

Paatha / Vriddhakarnika / Ambashtha

Cissus quadrangularis L.

Heeressa

Edible-stemmed vine

Arugani / Kiritti / Pirandai / Indiravalli

Asti sandhana

Citrus aurantifolia (Christm. & Panzer) Swingle

Dehi / Heen dehi / Udu-dehi

Lime / Bitter lime / Soar lime

Ambu / Arunam / Thesikkai

Nimbuka / Brihat / Jambhira

Citrus aurantium L.

Embul dodam

Seville sour orange

Narankai / Nandam

 

Citrus madurensis Lour.

Nas naran

Musk lime / Calamondin

 

 

Citrus reticulata Blanco

Heen naran / Konda naran

Mandarin / Tangerine

 

Naranga

Cleistanthus collinus (Roxb.) Benth.

Madara/ Mal Madara

 

Odaichi / Nilaippalai

Indrayava

Cleome viscosa L.

Rammanissa

Wild mustard / Dog mustard

Nayikadugu

Pusugandha / Arkakanta / Barbara

Clitoria ternatea L.

Katarolu / Nil katarodu

Butterfly pea

Chirupatarru / Karuttappu

Kanchuki

Connarus monocarpus L.

Radaliya

 

Chettupulukodi

 

Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr.

Weniwel

Tree turmeric / Flase calumba

Maram manjal / Manjakodi

Darvi / Daruharidra

Costus speciosus (Koenig) Smith

Thebu / Koltanan

 

Kottam / Kudavam

Chanda / Kustha / Kemuka

Crateva adansonii DC ssp. odora (Buch. - Ham.) Jacobs

Lunuwarana

Three-leaved caper

Navala

Varuna/Ashmarighna/Ashmaghna

Crinum asiaticum L.

Tholabo

Poison bulb

Vishamoongil

 

Crotalaria laburnifolia L.

Yakberiya

 

 

 

Croton tiglium L.

Jayapala

Croton oil plant / Purging croton

Nervalam

Jayaphala / Nepala

Cryptocoryne walkeri Schott.

Athiudayan

 

 

 

Cucumis melo L.

Gon kekiri / Kekiri

 

Metukku / Mulamparham

Kharbuja / Vishala

Curculigo orchioides Gaertn.

Heen binthal

Black musli

Wolappanai

Talmulika

Curcuma longa L.

Kaha / Ath kaha / Bim kaha

Tumeric

 

Haridra

Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe

Harankaha/Kanguni

Zedoary

Kichilick-kilangu / Pulan kizhangu

Dravida / Durlabha / Jatala

Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf

Sera

Lemon grass

Serai

Abichchatraka / Bhustrina

Cyperus rotundus L.

Kalanduru

Nut grass

Korai

Mustaka / Hima / Kokshottha

Dillenia indica L.

Hondapara / Wampara

 

Akku

Bharva

Dillenia retusa Thunb.

Godapara

 

 

 

Dipterocarpus glandulosus Thw.

Dorana

 

Yenni

Guga

Drosera indica L.

Kadulessa

Sundew

 

 

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

Keekirindiya / Sindu kirindi

Trailing Eclipta

Karippan / Kaikechi / Kaivichillai

Bhringaraj / Keshya

Elephantopus scaber L.

Eth adi

 

Anichovadi

Gojivha

Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton

Enasal / Rata enasal / Cardamungu

Cardamom

Alaka / Ella - kai / Cardumunga

Ela

Entada pusaetha DC.

Pus wel

Mackay Bean

 

 

Eriocaulon ceylanicum Kornicke.

Kokmota

 

 

 

Erythrina suberosa Roxb.

Katu erabadu

 

Mullumurukku

 

Erythrina variegata L.

Erabadu

Indian coral tree / Thorny / Dapap

Mullu-murukku

Paribhadra / Mandar

Erythroxylum moonii Hochr.

Batakirilla

 

Chiru-chemannatti

 

Euphorbia thymifolia L.

Bin dadakeeriya

 

Chittirapalavi

Laghu dugdhi

         

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